What is the Ocean Heat Budget?
The ocean covers nearly 71% of the Earth’s surface and is the largest solar energy collector. As a result, it plays an important role in maintaining the global energy balance and drives atmospheric processes. The heat exchange processes across the ocean surface is represented by the ocean heat budget. The ocean heat budget consists of ocean heat gains and losses, including shortwave radiation from the sun, longwave radiation from the ocean, latent heat flux, sensible heat flux, and heat transfer by currents.